Mastitis in dogs how is it how to prevent it and how to get rid of it.
Mastitis is defined as inflammation of the mammary gland. Mastitis is a common problem in nursing dogs, but it is also sometimes found in those females that are not pregnant or nursing.
Many cases of mastitis are found immediately after weaning in which milk accumulates in the mammary gland or due to the death of the puppy, leading to a decrease in the elimination of milk from the glands.
In this article, we will analyze mastitis in dogs, its causes, prevention, and treatment.
Causes of Mastitis in Dogs
The main cause of mastitis in dogs is bacteria such as E. coli or Streptococci that enter the mammary gland, but it can also occur due to other causes such as:
Excess milk accumulation
When too much milk is produced and accumulates in the mammary gland, the pressure is put on the mammary tissues. As a result, mastitis occurs without the inclusion of any bacterial components.
Trauma is one of the most common reasons for the development of mastitis in dogs. Trauma usually occurs when a nursing puppy injures its mother’s teats or from any physical injury that allows bacteria to enter the mammary gland.
If your dog stays in the dirty environment for too long, it will allow bacteria to enter the teats, resulting in an infection.
The most visible symptoms of mastitis in dogs are that your dog will show signs of pain and discomfort. The other common symptoms that are found in dogs suffering from mastitis are
â¢ The swollen, firm, and painful mammary glands-often hot to the touch.
â¢ Discoloration of the teats
â¢ Purulent discharge from the teats
â¢ Puppies lacking nutrition
â¢ Weight loss
â¢ Eventually, gangrene, septic shock, or abscesses if remain untreated
How to prevent and get rid of mastitis?
In most cases, mastitis can be diagnosed through a physical exam. Laboratory tests are sometimes required to confirm the diagnosis of mastitis in dogs.
If mastitis is confirmed in your dog, it is more obvious to be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs and oral antibiotics. Hospitalization is not required in typical cases of mastitis, dogs are only admitted if the condition becomes septic, or any surgery is suggested for the removal of the diseased mammary gland.
You can also use a cabbage leaf compress (frozen, smooshed to release the beneficial nutriants and then placed on infected teats) to help your dog with inflammation and pain. Do this in between feedings, 2-3 times a day. A bandage is required to hold the cabbage leaf around your dog’s body, but it must be removed to allow your puppies to feed. You will also want to gently massage the teet to help loosen the contents and express milk from that teet several times a day.
To prevent the condition of mastitis, you can do certain things, such as if the mastitis is due to an excessive accumulation of milk, gently remove the excess milk. Also, keep your dog in a clean place, it not only helps to treat mastitis, but it will also prevent it in the first place.
Additionally, regular cleaning and bathing of the mammary gland can help prevent mastitis in lactating dogs.
A product that we use, on all our pregnant dogs and while nursing as well as after nursing for a couple weeks is Sunflower Lecithin. We were referred to use it by fellow breeders and Mastitis is a rare occurrence with our girls so we will continue to refer others to its usage and use it ourselves.